Author(s): Larsson B, Nemere I
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Abstract We recently reported (Larsson and Nemere : Endocrinology 144:1726) the effects of growth and maturation on 1,25(OH)2D3-membrane initiated effects in the intestine of male chickens. Here we extend our observations to studies on females with two stages of high calcium demand: growth (7-14 weeks) and egg laying (28-58 weeks). The rapid stimulatory effect of 130 pM 1,25(OH)2D3 on calcium transport was assessed as a physiological response in perfused duodena of 7-, 14-, 28-, and 58-week-old chickens, and determined to be 308\%, 184\%, 170\%, and 153\%, respectively, of corresponding controls after 40 min. Saturation analyses of [3H]1,25(OH)2D3 binding to nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) indicated an absence of cooperative binding, no changes in dissociation constant (Kd) with age, and an increase in maximum binding capacity (Bmax) between 7-week birds and older age groups. Analyses of saturable binding of [3H]1,25(OH)2D3 to the membrane associated rapid response steroid binding protein (1,25D3-MARRS bp) in basal lateral membranes (BLM), indicated cooperative binding, and an increase in both Bmax and Kd with age. No changes in the age-related expression of 1,25D3-MARRS bp were found, as judged by Western analyses, suggesting that a shift in ligand binding to lower affinity membrane components accounted for the increase in calculated Bmax. Basal levels of protein kinase C (PKC) activity decreased with age, as did hormone enhancement of activity. Basal levels of protein kinase A (PKA) activity remained constant with age, while the magnitude of hormone stimulation increased. Comparison of dose-response curves for ion transport and kinase activities in 7-week chicks suggested that PKC mediates phosphate transport while PKA mediates calcium transport. Thus, the age-related loss of calcium transport is most likely related to loss of PKC-mediated phosphate transport. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in J Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism