Author(s): Stelzer JE, Widrick JJ
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Abstract Cross-sectional area (CSA), peak Ca2+-activated force (Po), fiber specific force (Po/CSA), and unloaded shortening velocity (Vo) were measured in slow-twitch [containing type I myosin heavy chain (MHC)] and fast-twitch (containing type II MHC) chemically skinned soleus muscle fiber segments obtained from three strains of weight-bearing and 7-day hindlimb-suspended (HS) mice. HS reduced soleus slow MHC content (from approximately 50 to approximately 33\%) in CBA/J and ICR strains without affecting slow MHC content in C57BL/6 mice ( approximately 20\% of total MHC). Two-way ANOVA revealed HS-induced reductions in CSA, Po, and Po/CSA of slow and fast fibers from all strains. Fiber Vo was elevated post-HS, but not consistently across strains. No MHC x HS treatment interactions were observed for any variable for C57BL/6 and CBA/J mice, and the two significant interactions found for the ICR strain (CSA, Po) appeared related to inherent pre-HS differences in slow vs. fast fiber CSA. In the mouse HS models studied here, fiber atrophy and contractile dysfunction were partially dependent on animal strain and generally independent of fiber MHC isoform content.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology