alexa Effect of host and viral factors on hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B patients receiving pegylated interferon-α-2a therapy.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Tseng TC, Yu ML, Liu CJ, Lin CL, Huang YW,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)-α-2a improves the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion rate in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients. However, baseline factors predicting favourable responses to PEG-IFN-α-2a remain largely unknown. METHODS: A total of 115 HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients who had a pre-therapy serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level over two times the upper limit of normal and received PEG-IFN-α-2a for 6-12 months were consecutively enrolled according to the local reimbursed guidelines. HBeAg seroconversion and combined response defined as HBeAg seroconversion, HBV-DNA level <20,000 IU/ml as well as ALT normalization at 6 months off therapy were primary and secondary therapeutic end points, respectively. Baseline viral factors, including viral load, genotype and major sequences of precore stop codon/basal core promoter (BCP), and host factors, including three single nucleotide polymorphisms among the HLA-DPA1, HLA-DPB1 and IL28B regions, were determined to correlate with therapeutic end points. RESULTS: HBeAg seroconversion and combined response rates were 26.1\% and 18.3\%, respectively. By multivariate analysis, BCP mutation (OR 8.04, 95\% CI 2.00-32.28) and rs3077 G/G genotype (OR 3.49, 95\% CI 1.12-10.84) were associated with a higher HBeAg seroconversion rate; BCP mutation (OR 9.28, 95\% CI 1.92-44.99) and baseline viral load <2 × 10(6) IU/ml (OR 4.78, 95\% CI 1.37-16.69) were associated with a higher combined response rate. CONCLUSIONS: BCP mutation is associated with higher HBeAg seroconversion and combined response rates at 6 months off therapy in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients treated with PEG-IFN-α-2a. Genetic variants in the HLA-DPA1 region may also affect treatment-induced HBeAg seroconversion. This article was published in Antivir Ther and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords