alexa Effect of hypokinesia-hypodynamia on rat muscle oxidative capacity and glucose uptake.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Author(s): Fell RD, Steffen JM, Musacchia XJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Whole-body hypokinetic-hypodynamic (H/H) suspension, unlike other models of muscle disuse, allows voluntary contractile activity. This study examined the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of rat hindlimb muscles subjected to 7 days of suspension H/H conditions. Oxidative capacity was determined by measuring citrate synthase activity and cytochrome c concentration in soleus and gastrocnemius muscles. A perfused hindquarter preparation was used to measure glucose uptake rates at rest with physiological and supramaximal concentrations of insulin in the perfusate. Citrate synthase activity was 17\% lower in soleus and 23\% lower in gastrocnemius muscles from H/H rats. Similarly, a 29\% decrease in H/H rat gastrocnemius cytochrome c concentration was observed. Rates of glucose uptake were lower in muscles from H/H rats compared with controls at physiological levels of insulin and did not increase in response to a further increase in insulin concentration. Muscles undergoing a significant loss in mass after 7 days suspension were found to have increased glycogen concentrations. In conclusion, data presented in this study suggest that hindlimb muscle disuse, brought about by whole-body suspension, results in a decreased aerobic capacity in load bearing muscles and a lowered insulin sensitivity in perfused rat hindlimb muscles.
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version