Author(s): Fell RD, Steffen JM, Musacchia XJ
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Abstract Whole-body hypokinetic-hypodynamic (H/H) suspension, unlike other models of muscle disuse, allows voluntary contractile activity. This study examined the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of rat hindlimb muscles subjected to 7 days of suspension H/H conditions. Oxidative capacity was determined by measuring citrate synthase activity and cytochrome c concentration in soleus and gastrocnemius muscles. A perfused hindquarter preparation was used to measure glucose uptake rates at rest with physiological and supramaximal concentrations of insulin in the perfusate. Citrate synthase activity was 17\% lower in soleus and 23\% lower in gastrocnemius muscles from H/H rats. Similarly, a 29\% decrease in H/H rat gastrocnemius cytochrome c concentration was observed. Rates of glucose uptake were lower in muscles from H/H rats compared with controls at physiological levels of insulin and did not increase in response to a further increase in insulin concentration. Muscles undergoing a significant loss in mass after 7 days suspension were found to have increased glycogen concentrations. In conclusion, data presented in this study suggest that hindlimb muscle disuse, brought about by whole-body suspension, results in a decreased aerobic capacity in load bearing muscles and a lowered insulin sensitivity in perfused rat hindlimb muscles.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine