Author(s): Sheward WJ, Fraser HM, Fink G
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Abstract The aim of the present study was to use the technique of immunoneutralization with anti-thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (anti-TRH) serum to investigate the role of TRH in mediating the TSH and prolactin responses to electrical stimulation of the hypothalamus and the prolactin response to suckling in lactating rats. Electrical stimulation of either the median eminence or paraventricular nuclei of male or female rats anaesthetized with urethane resulted in significant increases in the plasma concentrations of both TSH and prolactin. Injection of sheep anti-TRH serum blocked the rise in plasma TSH concentration in response to stimulation of either brain area, but did not block the increase in plasma prolactin concentration. In anaesthetized, lactating female rats, the suckling stimulus produced a significant increase in the plasma prolactin concentration, but did not alter the plasma TSH concentration. Injection of anti-TRH serum, but not control non-immune or anti-bovine serum albumin, significantly decreased the basal release of TSH but did not abolish the prolactin response to suckling. These results show that TRH is the principal mediator of the neural control of TSH release in the rat, but is not crucial for the release of prolactin in response to either hypothalamic stimulation or suckling.
This article was published in J Endocrinol
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome
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