Author(s): Ebnezar J, Nagarathna R, Yogitha B, Nagendra HR
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Abstract AIM: To study the effect of integrated yoga on pain, morning stiffness and anxiety in osteoarthritis of knees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifty participants with OA knees (35-80 years) were randomly assigned to yoga or control group. Both groups had transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment followed by intervention (40 min) for two weeks with follow up for three months. The integrated yoga consisted of yogic loosening and strengthening practices, asanas, relaxation, pranayama and meditation. The control group had physiotherapy exercises. Assessments were done on 15(th) (post 1) and 90(th) day (post 2). RESULTS: Resting pain (numerical rating scale) reduced better (P<0.001, Mann-Whitney U test) in yoga group (post 1=33.6\% and post 2=71.8\%) than control group (post 1=13.4\% and post 2=37.5\%). Morning stiffness decreased more (P<0.001) in yoga (post 1=68.6\% and post 2=98.1\%) than control group (post 1=38.6\% and post 2=71.6\%). State anxiety (STAI-1) reduced (P<0.001) by 35.5\% (post 1) and 58.4\% (post 2) in the yoga group and 15.6\% (post 1) and 38.8\% (post 2) in the control group; trait anxiety (STAI 2) reduced (P<0.001) better (post 1=34.6\% and post 2=57.10\%) in yoga than control group (post 1=14.12\% and post 2=34.73\%). Systolic blood pressure reduced (P<0.001) better in yoga group (post 1=-7.93\% and post 2=-15.7\%) than the control group (post 1=-1.8\% and post 2=-3.8\%). Diastolic blood pressure reduced (P<0.001) better in yoga group (post 1=-7.6\% and post 2=-16.4\%) than the control group (post 1=-2.1\% and post 2=-5.0\%). Pulse rate reduced (P<0.001) better in yoga group (post 1=-8.41\% and post 2=-12.4\%) than the control group (post 1=-5.1\% and post 2=-7.1\%). CONCLUSION: Integrated approach of yoga therapy is better than physiotherapy exercises as an adjunct to transcutaneous electrical stimulation and ultrasound treatment in reducing pain, morning stiffness, state and trait anxiety, blood pressure and pulse rate in patients with OA knees.
This article was published in Int J Yoga
and referenced in Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy