Author(s): Saito K, Yamamoto K, Nagayama I, Uemura J, Kuzuya T
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Abstract Na+-dependent I- transport and I- counterflow were studied using phospholipid vesicles (P-vesicles) made of porcine thyroid plasma membranes and soybean phospholipid by sonication. 1) I- uptake by P-vesicles incubated in the presence of external Na+ was higher than that by P-vesicles incubated in choline+ instead of Na+. The vesicles exhibited Na+-dependent I- uptake. When P-vesicles were internally loaded with I- prior to incubation in Na+, a further increase in Na+-dependent I- uptake was observed, although the concentration of internal I- was very much higher than that outside. In the absence of external Na+, I- uptake by P-vesicles preloaded with I- was comparable to baseline uptake. 2) Na+-dependent I- uptake by P-vesicles not loaded with I- and enhanced Na+-dependent I- uptake by P-vesicles preloaded with I- were both inhibited by either of SCN- and ClO4- added outside the vesicles. 3) When P-vesicles were loaded with SCN- instead of I- and incubated in Na+, I- uptake by these vesicles was also higher than baseline Na+-dependent I- uptake. However, a ClO4- load did not result in an increase in I- uptake. These results indicate that Na+-dependent I- transport including Na+-dependent I- counterflow is specifically mediated by the thyroid I- carrier. SCN- - I- counterflow in addition to I- - I- counterflow occurs dependently on Na+, but ClO4- - I- counterflow does not.
This article was published in J Biochem
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access