Author(s): Rayner BL, Trinder YA, Baines D, Isaacs S, Opie LH
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia may counter benefits of blood pressure (BP) reduction, although this is controversial. METHODS: We examined the effects of candesartan and losartan on uric acid, creatinine, and fibrinogen. Patients with hypertension and serum uric acid > or = 0.42 mmol/L (7 mg/dL) associated with diuretics were randomized to receive losartan 50 to 100 mg or candesartan 8 to 16 mg for 24 weeks. At randomization and after 24 weeks, systolic and diastolic BP, serum uric acid, creatinine, and fibrinogen were measured. RESULTS: A total of 59 patients were entered into the study (30 in the losartan and 29 in the candesartan group). Mean systolic and diastolic BP were reduced in the candesartan group, from 156 mm Hg at baseline to 132 mm Hg at 24 weeks, and from 90.9 to 80.8 mm Hg respectively, P < .0001), and in the losartan group from 150.3 to 132 mm Hg and from 89.6 to 77.6 respectively, P < 0001). Overall mean values of fibrinogen levels were again reduced from 4.39 g/L at baseline to 4.01 g/L at 24 weeks (P < .02). Mean values of serum uric acid in the losartan and candesartan groups were similar at baseline (0.44 and 0.46 mmol/L, respectively), but they were lower in the losartan group after 24 weeks (0.39 and 0.48 mmol/L, P = .01). Twelve patients (44\%) in the candesartan group had a 10\% increase in serum creatinine compared with four patients (14.2\%) in the losartan group (P < .02). CONCLUSIONS: Candesartan and losartan lowered BP, but only losartan reduced uric acid. The lowering of fibrinogen in both groups may explain the reduction in stroke with angiotensin receptor blockers. The effect of persistent hyperuricemia on renal function requires further study.
This article was published in Am J Hypertens
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability