Author(s): Saeman AI, Verdi RJ, Galton DM, Barbano DM
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Abstract Proteolytic activity of milk was studied before, during, and after experimental-induced mastitis. An inoculum of Streptococcus agalactiae was infused into one quarter of each udder of six cows to elicit an infection. Bacteriological cultures and SCC of milk were used to monitor infection status. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-PAGE was used to measure proteolytic activity of milk. Inhibitor 6-amino-n-hexanoic acid was used to determine the relative proportion of plasmin and nonplasmin proteolytic activity of milk. Somatic cell count, total milk proteolytic activity, and nonplasmin proteolytic activity were higher in infected quarters than in quarters preinfection. After elimination of infections, SCC and nonplasmin proteolytic activity decreased to preinfection amounts. Total proteolytic activity of milk decreased after infections were cured but remained significantly higher than preinfection activity. This postinfection proteolytic activity in milk may be due to an increase in milk plasmin activity. Our data suggest that detrimental effects of mastitis on milk quality can continue after infection has been eliminated and milk SCC have returned to low values.
This article was published in J Dairy Sci
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