alexa Effect of nephrotoxicants and hepatotoxicants on gene expression profile in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Dadarkar SS, Fonseca LC, Thakkar AD, Mishra PB, Rangasamy AK,

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Abstract Studying peripheral blood transcriptome in the quest for translational markers of toxicity is considered to be an attractive offshoot in the field of toxicogenomics. Moreover, it is acknowledged that, xenobiotics which cause a toxic response through similar mechanisms lead to distinctive gene expression patterns. The current study was undertaken to gauge the response of an accessible surrogate tissue, such as blood, to drug-induced perturbations aimed at deriving gene expression patterns. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMC) were exposed to conventional drugs, with reported kidney and/or liver injury, in order to determine their transcriptomic response. Test drugs were divided into two classes viz., drugs affecting kidney (cyclophosphamide, amphotericin B, gentamicin and cisplatin) and liver (acetaminophen, rosiglitazone, fluconazole and isoniazid). After performing gene expression analysis and hierarchical clustering, signature patterns for the two classes were obtained, with a set of 365 genes that can discriminate the two classes of drugs. Our results imply that transcriptional profile of hPBMC get altered as a consequence of drug exposure and unique patterns indicative of specific organ toxicity can hence be deduced. These signature patterns obtained for drugs could be studied for their qualification to identify drug-induced toxicity. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

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