alexa Effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibition on mitochondrial biogenesis in rat skeletal muscle.


Fibromyalgia: Open Access

Author(s): Wadley GD, McConell GK

Abstract Share this page

The purpose of this study was to determine whether nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition decreased basal and exercise-induced skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of four treatment groups: NOS inhibitor N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME, ingested for 2 days in drinking water, 1 mg/ml) followed by acute exercise, no l-NAME ingestion and acute exercise, rest plus l-NAME, and rest without l-NAME. The exercised rats ran on a treadmill for 53 +/- 2 min and were then killed 4 h later. NOS inhibition significantly (P < 0.05; main effect) decreased basal peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1beta (PGC-1beta) mRNA levels and tended (P = 0.08) to decrease mtTFA mRNA levels in the soleus, but not the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle. This coincided with significantly reduced basal levels of cytochrome c oxidase (COX) I and COX IV mRNA, COX IV protein and COX enzyme activity following NOS inhibition in the soleus, but not the EDL muscle. NOS inhibition had no effect on citrate synthase or beta-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase activity, or cytochrome c protein abundance in the soleus or EDL. NOS inhibition did not reduce the exercise-induced increase in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1alpha (PGC-1alpha) mRNA in the soleus or EDL. In conclusion, inhibition of NOS appears to decrease some aspects of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the soleus under basal conditions, but does not attenuate exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis in the soleus or in the EDL.

This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985) and referenced in Fibromyalgia: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version