Author(s): Grunwald JE, Riva CE, Brucker AJ, Sinclair SH, Petrig BL
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Abstract The effect of panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) on retinal volumetric blood flow rate and its regulatory response to hyperoxia was investigated in a main temporal vein of 15 eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, using bi-directional laser Doppler velocimetry and monochromatic fundus photography. At an average of 4 +/- 2 months after the beginning of PRP, retinal venous diameter decreased from an average of 174 +/- 20 micron to 162 +/- 19 micron (P less than 0.01), red blood cell velocity decreased from 1.3 +/- 0.4 cm/sec to 1.1 +/- 0.4 cm/sec (P less than 0.01), and blood flow decreased from 11.5 +/- 3.8 microliter/min to 8.4 +/- 3.3 microliter/min (P less than 0.001). The regulatory response to hyperoxia, characterized by the percentage decrease in retinal blood flow during 100\% oxygen breathing, improved from 20 +/- 15\% prior to treatment to 45 +/- 12\% following treatment (P less than 0.001). The decrease in retinal blood flow is most likely due to a decrease in viable retinal tissue and an improvement in retinal oxygenation following PRP. The increase in the regulatory response to 100\% O2 breathing following PRP may also result from such an improved retinal oxygenation.
This article was published in Ophthalmology
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism