Author(s): Liew KB, Tan YT, Peh KK
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Abstract CONTEXT: Difficulty in swallowing tablets or capsules has been identified as one of the contributing factors to non-compliance of geriatric patients. Although orally disintegrating tablet was designed for fast disintegration in mouth, the fear of taking solid tablets and the risk of choking for certain patient populations still exist. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and characterize orally disintegrating film (ODF), which was prepared using different combinations of polymers, plasticizers and fillers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Effects of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400), glycerin, polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), mannitol and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) on physical property of ODF formed were studied. The ODF was prepared using the solvent casting method. RESULTS: Increase in HPMC concentration formed ODF with greater tensile strength. Incorporation of plasticizer (PEG 400 and glycerin) reduced tensile strength but increased elasticity of the ODF formed. PVP increased both tensile strength and elasticity of the ODF. Increase in MCC:mannitol ratio reduced the tensile strength and elasticity of the ODF. Disintegration time of film decreased corresponding to decrease in tensile strength of the film. Formulation R with the optimum tensile strength (13.10 N/mm(2)), bending flexibility (40 times) and disintegration time (41.50 s) was chosen as final formulation. A total of 80\% of the drug was released within five minutes and the ODF was stable at least for one year actual condition. CONCLUSION: An ODF containing donepezil HCl was developed and characterized. The donepezil HCl ODF has the potential to improve the compliance of Alzheimer disease patients.
This article was published in Drug Dev Ind Pharm
and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics