Author(s): Browning RA, Wang C, Nelson DK, Jobe PC
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Abstract Previous studies have demonstrated that generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) consisting of running/bouncing clonic and tonic extension can still be elicited in rats after brain transections which separate forebrain from brain stem, showing that forebrain circuitry is not required for GTCS. Inasmuch as sound-induced generalized tonic-clonic seizures in rodents are characterized by running-bouncing clonic and tonic convulsions, we have hypothesized that these are brain stem seizures that can occur independently of the forebrain. To test this hypothesis, we examined the response of two strains of genetically epilepsy-prone rats (GEPR-3s and GEPR-9s) to seizure-evoking auditory stimuli 3 h after a precollicular transection or sham surgery performed under ether anesthesia. In addition, the effect of a precollicular transection on audiogenic seizures was evaluated in normal rats made susceptible to such seizures by infusing NMDA into the inferior colliculus. Following the transection 58\% of GEPR-9s displayed a sound-induced tonic-clonic convulsion and the remaining 42\% exhibited a sound-induced seizure when subjected to stimulation 5 min after a subconvulsant dose of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ). While sham surgery and the precollicular transection both reduced sound-induced seizure severity in GEPR-3s, the full seizure response could be elicited by sound stimulation following a subconvulsant dose of PTZ. Moreover, the audiogenic seizures in normal rats rendered susceptible by NMDA were unaltered by the precollicular transection. These findings show that the anatomical circuitry required for generalized tonic-clonic seizures evoked by sound stimulation in rodents resides within the brain stem. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.
This article was published in Exp Neurol
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy