alexa Effect of renal cell carcinomas on the development of type 1 T-cell responses.

Author(s): Rayman P, Wesa AK, Richmond AL, Das T, Biswas K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: We reported that in renal cell carcinoma patients with active disease, T-cell reactions to the tumor-associated antigens MAGE-6 and EphA2 are highly skewed toward TH2-type cytokine responses [interleukin (IL) 5]. Herein, we determined whether tumor-derived products, including gangliosides isolated from renal cell carcinoma patients, participate in the down-regulation of type 1 T-cell responses. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: T cells from healthy volunteers or renal cell carcinoma patients were cultured in the presence and absence of supernatants derived from renal cell carcinoma explants or with gangliosides isolated from those tumor supernatants. T cells were stimulated or not with either autologous dendritic cells pulsed with superantigen (Staphylococcus enterotoxin B) or with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and ionomycin and then were assessed for type 1 or type 2 responses (cytokine production and gene expression) and apoptosis. RESULTS: Tumor supernatants efficiently inhibited the TH1-type responses [interferon (IFN) gamma] of T cells stimulated with either S. enterotoxin B or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and ionomycin but had no inhibitory effect on activated T-cell production of type 2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10). Likewise, IFN-gamma mRNA and protein production were inhibited when T cells were cocultured with either renal cell carcinoma supernatant-derived gangliosides or a commercial source of purified GD1a. It was also determined that gangliosides impair type 1 responses by inducing apoptosis of activated T cells. CONCLUSIONS: We propose that renal cell carcinoma-derived tumor products such as gangliosides can induce a type 2 bias in antitumor immunity by initiating apoptosis in the IFN-gamma-producing type 1 effector cells. This represents a relevant mechanism by which renal cell carcinoma can inhibit protective antitumor immunity. This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version