alexa Effect of repeated administration of PGF2alpha in the early post partum period on the prevalence of clinical endometritis and probability of pregnancy at first insemination in lactating dairy cows.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology

Author(s): Hendricks KE, Bartolome JA, Melendez P, Risco C, Archbald LF, Hendricks KE, Bartolome JA, Melendez P, Risco C, Archbald LF, Hendricks KE, Bartolome JA, Melendez P, Risco C, Archbald LF

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Abstract Two experiments were performed to determine the effects of repeated administration of PGF2alpha in the immediate post partum period on the prevalence of clinical endometritis at 22 and 58 days post partum, and the probability of pregnancy at first insemination, in post partum dairy cows. In Experiment 1, 228 cows on day 7 post partum were used. Cows in Group 1 (n = 114) were treated twice with PGF2alpha (25 mg, im) 8 h apart on days 7 and 14 post partum, and only once on days 22 and 35 post partum. Cows in Group 2 (n = 114) served as untreated controls. Vaginoscopy and transrectal palpation of the genital tract were done on days 22 and 58 post partum. Cows in both groups were inseminated at estrus after a voluntary waiting period of 100 days. Pregnancy was determined by transrectal palpation between 45 and 50 days after insemination. Repeated administration of PGF2alpha in the immediate post partum period did not reduce the prevalence of clinical endometritis on days 22 or 58 post partum (65 versus 62\% on day 22 and 28.3 versus 35.2\% on day 58 in Groups 1 and 2, respectively). There was no significant difference in the probability of pregnancy at first insemination between cows in both groups. In Experiment 2, 418 cows on day 7 post partum were used. Cows in Group 1 (n = 209) were treated twice with PGF2alpha (25 mg, im) 8h apart on days 7 and 14 post partum, and only once on days 22 and 35 post partum. Cows in Group 2 (n = 209) served as untreated controls. Cows in both groups were subjected to the Presynch and Ovsynch protocols on days 49 and 75 post partum, respectively. Pregnancy was determined by transrectal ultrasonography between days 29 and 32 after timed insemination. There was no significant difference in the probability of pregnancy at first insemination between cows in both groups. In conclusion, repeated administration of PGF2alpha to cows in this herd had no effect on the prevalence of clinical endometritis at 22 and 58 days post partum, and that there was no effect on the probability of pregnancy after insemination at estrus among cows with a voluntary waiting period of > 100 days, or at timed AI at 85 days in milk when Presynch was employed. This article was published in Theriogenology and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology

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