Author(s): Spicer LJ, Schreiber NB, Lagaly DV, Aad PY, Douthit LB,
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Abstract Resistin is an adipokine that has not been extensively studied in cattle but is produced by adipocytes in greater amounts in lactating versus non-lactating cattle. Seven experiments were conducted to determine the effect of resistin on proliferation, steroidogenesis, and gene expression of theca and granulosa cells from small (1-5mm) and/or large (8-22 mm) cattle follicles. Resistin had no effect on IGF-I-induced proliferation of large-follicle theca cells or small-follicle granulosa cells, but decreased IGF-I-induced proliferation of large-follicle granulosa cells. Resistin weakly stimulated FSH plus IGF-I-induced estradiol production by large-follicle granulosa cells, but had no effect on IGF-I- or insulin-induced progesterone and androstenedione production by theca cells or progesterone production by granulosa cells of large follicles. In small-follicle granulosa cells, resistin attenuated the stimulatory effect of IGF-I on progesterone and estradiol production of small-follicle granulosa cells. RT-PCR measuring abundance of side-chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1), aromatase (CYP19A1), FSH receptor (FSHR) and LH receptor (LHCGR) mRNA in large- and small-follicle granulosa cells indicated that resistin reduced the stimulatory effect of IGF-I on CPY11A1 mRNA abundance in large-follicle granulosa cells but had no effect on CYP19A1, FSHR or LHCGR mRNA abundance in large- or small-follicle granulosa cells. Resistin had no effect on CYP11A1, CYP17A1 or LHCGR mRNA abundance in theca cells. These results indicate that resistin preferentially inhibits steroidogenesis of undifferentiated (small follicle) granulosa cells and inhibits proliferation of differentiated (large follicle) granulosa cells, indicating that the ovarian response to resistin is altered during follicular development. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Anim Reprod Sci
and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access