Author(s): ElGhannam A, Ducheyne P, Shapiro IM
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Abstract Previous studies indicate that modification of the surface of porous bioactive glass promotes osteoblast function. We hypothesize that bone formation on treated bioactive glass is due to the selective adsorption of serum attachment proteins. To test this hypothesis, we examined the profile of proteins adsorbed to treated bioactive glass and compared these proteins with those adsorbed to untreated bioactive glass and porous hydroxyapatite. Porous bioactive glass was treated with Tris-buffered electrolyte solution to generate a calcium phosphate-rich surface layer and then immersed in tissue-culture medium containing 10\% serum. Proteins adsorbed to the ceramic surfaces were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blot analysis. Porous hydroxyapatite bound a higher amount of total protein than did the other substrates. However, surface-modified porous bioactive glass adsorbed more fibronectin than did hydroxyapatite. The effect of serum-protein adsorption on osteoblast adhesion to bioactive glass and hydroxyapatite was also evaluated. Cell adhesion to porous bioactive glass that was surface-modified and serum-treated was significantly greater than to porous bioactive glass that was either surface-modified or serum-treated. Furthermore, cell adhesion to porous bioactive glass treated to form the dual layer of calcium phosphate and serum protein was significantly higher than adhesion to porous hydroxyapatite with adsorbed serum protein. Results of the study strongly suggest that adsorption of serum fibronectin to the surface of modified porous bioactive glass coated with calcium phosphate may be responsible for enhanced osteoblast adhesion.
This article was published in J Orthop Res
and referenced in Bioceramics Development and Applications