Author(s): Idzes MH, Holmberg O, Mijnheer BJ, Huizenga H
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The objective of this paper is to illustrate the effect of a gap of 5 mm, an overlap of 5 mm and a perfect match on the dose distribution across the junction of tangential breast fields and adjacent supraclavicular and axillary fields. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this purpose film dosimetry was applied to measure relative dose distributions in two sagittal planes in an anthropomorphic breast phantom having cork lungs, simulating a radiation therapy treatment of the breast and adjacent supraclavicular lymph nodes. Two different treatment techniques, an SSD match technique and a geometrically exact isocentric match technique, as routinely applied in the two institutes were examined. The three-dimensional treatment planning system of each institute was used to calculate the dose distribution in the match region of the supraclavicular fields and the two opposing tangential fields. The measured and calculated dose distributions were evaluated and compared along lines in two sagittal planes from the supraclavicular fields down to the tangential fields crossing the match planes. These dose distributions in the match region were extremely dependent on the set-up of the fields. RESULTS: Although the reproducibility of the film measurements was within 2\%, it became clear that the set-up of the fields to achieve a gap of 5 mm, a perfect match or an overlap of 5 mm required a lot of attention, even when using a phantom. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that in clinical practice, these set-up difficulties do influence the dose distribution in the match region much more than the systematic uncertainties in the dose calculation algorithms of the treatment planning systems and the type of treatment technique.
This article was published in Radiother Oncol
and referenced in Atherosclerosis: Open Access