alexa Effect of social influences on pharmacists' intention to report adverse drug events
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access

Author(s): Paul Gavaza, Carolyn M Brown

Abstract Share this page

OBJECTIVES: To identify the groups or individuals that influence pharmacists' decision making to report adverse drug events (ADEs), determine the differences in social influence or subjective norm between intenders and nonintenders, and determine the relationship between subjective norm toward reporting serious ADEs and practice and demographic characteristics. DESIGN: Nonexperimental cross-sectional study. SETTING: Texas during June and July 2009. PARTICIPANTS: 1,500 Texas pharmacists. INTERVENTION: As part of a larger survey, 3 and 18 items were used to assess pharmacists' intentions and subjective norm, respectively, to report serious ADEs to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Pharmacists' subjective norm toward reporting serious ADEs. RESULTS: The survey had a response rate of 26.4% (n = 377). Most pharmacists intended to report serious ADEs that they would encounter (15.87 ± 4.22 [mean ± SD], possible range 3-21, neutral = 12). The mean subjective norm scores were moderately high and positive (28.75 ± 9.38, 1-49, 16), indicating that the referents had a moderate influence on pharmacists regarding reporting serious ADEs to FDA. FDA had the greatest (34.82 ± 12.16) and drug manufacturers the lowest (21.55 ± 13.83) social influence. The most important salient referents (important others) in pharmacists' decisions to report serious ADEs were FDA, patients, pharmacy associations, pharmacy managers/bosses, and hospitals and hospital groups. Gender (female equals higher), pharmacists' years of experience (negative correlation), and knowledge of ADE reporting (positive correlation) were associated with subjective norm. CONCLUSION: Pharmacists had a moderately high subjective norm, suggesting that ADE reporting intentions is influenced by others and that the opinions of others are of great importance in pharmacists' intentions regarding ADE reporting. The main drivers of subjective norm were FDA, patients, pharmacy associations, and managers/bosses.

This article was published in J Am Pharm Assoc and referenced in Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords