Author(s): Johari A, Bhatnagar MC, Rana V
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We report on controlling the morphology of tin oxide (SnO2) nanostructures and the study of the effect of surface morphology on structural and optical properties of SnO2 nanostuctures. In present work, Tin oxide (SnO2) nanostructures such as nanowires and nanorods have been grown by thermal evaporation of SnO2 powder. To demonstrate the effect of different substrates on the morphology of grown SnO2 nanostructures, the thermal evaporation of SnO2 powder was carried out on Si and gold catalyzed Si (Au/Si) substrates. The scanning-electron-microscopic analysis shows the growth of SnO2 nanowires on Au/Si substrate and growth of SnO2 nanorods on Si substrate. The scanning-and transmission-electron-microscopic analysis shows that the diameter of SnO2 nanowires and nanorods are about 70 nm and 95 nm respectively and their length is about 80 microm and 30 microm respectively. The vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth of SnO2 nanowires and vapor-solid (VS) growth of SnO2 nanorods is also confirmed with the help of TEM and EDX spectra. The synthesized SnO2 nanowires show tetragonal rutile structure of SnO2, whereas SnO2 nanorods show tetragonal rutile as well as cassiterite structure of SnO2. UV-Vis absorption spectra showed the optical band gaps of 4.1 eV and 3.8 eV for the SnO2 nanowires and the nanorods, respectively. The SnO2 nanowires and nanorods show photoluminescence with broad emission peaks centred at around 600 nm and 580 nm respectively. Raman spectra of SnO2 nanowires shows three Raman shifts (478, 632, 773 cm(-1)) corresponding to Eg, A1g and B2g vibration modes, whereas in Raman spectra of SnO2 nanorods, A1g peak is dramatically reduced and the B2g mode is totally quenched.
This article was published in J Nanosci Nanotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Applied & Computational Mathematics