Author(s): Rukkulchon BK, Wong RW
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Responses of spheno-occipital synchondroses to direct tensile stress have not been identified before. This study was, therefore designed to evaluate expression of PTHrP, and thickness of hypertrophic zone in spheno-occipital synchondroses in response to such stress, using mouse in vitro model. METHODS: Spheno-occipital synchondroses together with adjacent structures were excised from fifty-five 2-day-old mice that were randomly assigned to 6 control and 5 experimental groups for 5 experimental periods (n=5). In the experimental groups, tensile force of 0.2g was applied across the synchondroses, using helical springs. In 5 control groups, the springs were made inactive. Both groups were then cultured for 6, 24, 48, 72 h and 7 days. Another control group was cultured without any springs for 7 days to compare with natural growth of the synchondroses from a group of five 9-day-old mice. Alcian blue-PAS staining was used to study growth of the synchondroses; immunohistochemical staining to identify PTHrP and type X collagen expression. The area of PTHrP expression and thickness of hypertrophic zone, demarcated by type X collagen expression, were measured. RESULTS: Quantitative analysis showed that PTHrP expression increased significantly at hour 24 of the force application in the experimental group (p<0.05), then reduced from hour 24 to 72 with a significant drop from hour 24 to 48 (p<0.01); and the thickness of hypertrophic zone significantly increased at hour 48 (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that the growth of spheno-occipital synchondroses could be modified by tensile stress; and a light continuous force could enhance its growth, as evidenced by an increase in PTHrP expression and thickness of hypertrophic zone.
This article was published in Arch Oral Biol
and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine