Author(s): Wang Y, Kringen P, Kristensen GB, Holm R, Baekelandt MM,
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Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate the frequency and prognostic impact of TP53 alterations stratified for the TP53 codon 72 polymorphism (c.215G>C, p.Arg72Pro) in a cohort of 109 patients with advanced ovarian carcinomas. TP53 sequence variants were observed in 80 of the 109 (73.4\%) tumors and were significantly associated with grade of differentiation (P=0.001). A tendency towards higher frequency of sequence variants in tumors with higher FIGO stages was seen (P=0.05). The type of TP53 sequence variant (transition A:T>G:C vs. G:C>A:T at CpG dinucleotides, and transversion G:C>T:A) had significant correlation with patients' age (P=0.04) with more A:T>G:C in patients over 60 years old. No significant associations were found between frequency of sequence variants and age at diagnosis, histological type, size of residual tumor after primary surgery, or long-term survival. Analyses of the codon 72 polymorphism in tumor DNA gave a higher frequency of homozygosity/hemizygosity than expected from the population frequency, particularly for the Pro allele. Tumors homozygous or hemizygous for the Pro allele had significantly higher frequency of TP53 sequence variants, particularly of the nonmissense type (P=0.002), and patients with these types of alterations had significantly shorter survival (P=0.04). TP53 protein accumulation, determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC), was found in 67.9\% (74 out of 109) of the tumors, was significantly more common among serous than nonserous ovarian carcinomas (P=0.008), and had a significant effect on progression-free survival (P=0.03). p63 (TP73L; formerly TP63) and p73 (TP73) protein accumulation detected by IHC was seen in 67.9 and 0\% of the tumors, respectively. A significantly higher frequency of p63-positive cases was seen among serous tumors (P=0.008) and tended to increase with increasing FIGO stages (P=0.05), but had no significant effect on survival. No association between p63 protein accumulation and TP53 protein accumulation was seen. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in Hum Mutat
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology