alexa Effect of the grapefruit flavonoid naringin on pharmacokinetics of quinine in rats.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Zhang H, Wong CW, Coville PF, Wanwimolruk S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The effect of the grapefruit flavonoid naringin, an inhibitor of CYP3A4, on the pharmacokinetics of quinine in rats after oral or intravenous (i.v.) dosing of quinine was investigated. Female Wistar rats (wt 190-220 g) were used in two separate studies, i.e. oral and i.v. administration of quinine. The animals were divided into two groups, one served as control and the other group was pretreated with 25 mg/kg naringin once a day for 7 consecutive days before the pharmacokinetic study. On the study day, quinine (25 mg/kg) was administered to the rats by either the oral or i.v. route. Blood samples were collected at different times, up to 6 h after quinine administration. Plasma quinine concentration was assayed by HPLC. Pretreatment with naringin did not cause any significant change in the pharmacokinetics of quinine after the i.v. dose. However pretreatment with naringin led to a 208\% increase in peak plasma concentration (Cmax), a 93\% increase in time to reach Cmax (tmax), and a 152\% increase in the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of quinine after oral administration. Consequently, the oral bioavailability of quinine was significantly increased (p < 0.05) from 17\% (control) to 42\% after pretreatment with naringin. There was no significant difference in the elimination half-life (t(1/2)beta) of quinine between the two groups. These results suggest that pretreatment with the grapefruit flavonoid naringin is associated with increased oral bioavailability of quinine in rats.
This article was published in Drug Metabol Drug Interact and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords