Author(s): Vanhaecke T, Henkens T, Kass GE, Rogiers V
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Abstract Acetylation and deacetylation of histones, catalysed by histone acetyl transferases and histone deacetylases (HDAC), respectively, are known to be involved in gene expression regulation. Here, the effect on the activity and expression of several apoptosis-related proteins of trichostatin A (TSA), a well-known HDAC inhibitor, were studied in short-term (conventional monolayer) and long-term cultured (collagen I gel sandwich cultures and co-cultures) adult rat hepatocytes. No significant effects of TSA on the caspase-3-like activity were seen in rat hepatocytes cultured in a sandwich configuration or in a co-culture with rat liver epithelial cells of primitive biliary origin. In both culture models, the basal level of apoptosis was found to be much lower than in control monolayer cultures. In the latter system, it was found that, after 4 days of culture, TSA decreased the levels of caspase-3 (both proform and p17 fragment) and of the pro-apoptotic protein Bid. No effect of TSA was found on the expression of Bax. As expected, a TSA-mediated increase of acetylated histones H3 and H4 was observed in all culture systems examined. In addition, in the presence of TSA, increased albumin secretion and cytochrome P450 1A1/2 and 2B1-dependent enzyme activities were found in conventional cultures after 7 days. In conclusion, TSA delayed the occurrence of apoptosis and loss of liver specific functions in conventional hepatocyte monolayers. In contrast, in hepatocyte culture models in which spontaneous apoptosis is already minimised through the addition of either extracellular matrix components (sandwich cultures) or non-parenchymal liver cells (co-cultures), TSA did not have any additional anti-apoptotic effect.
This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta