alexa Effect of the use of recent commercial fungicides [under good and critical agricultural practices] on the aroma composition of Monastrell red wines.


Fermentation Technology

Author(s): Paula Pay

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In the paper, the effect of several fungicide residues (famoxadone, fenhexamid, fluquinconazole, kresoxim-methyl, quinoxyfen and trifloxystrobin) has been studied in relation to the aroma composition of Monastrell red wines in terms of each compound concentration and OAV (Odour Activity Value) values. Two fungicide treatments were carried out with authorized formulates following the manufacturer doses. The first one was carried out under good agricultural practices (GAP), obeying the preharvest interval, and the second one under critical agricultural practices (CAP), applying at the day of harvesting. The wines obtained in the thirteen trials (one control, six with treated grapes obeying the preharvest interval and six treated at the day of harvesting or at most unfavourable conditions) were analysed by stir bar sorptive extraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (SBSE–GC–MS). The method proposed showed good linearity over the concentration range tested, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9 for all the analytes. The reproducibility and repeatability of the method was estimated between 1.0 and 18.52%. The detection and quantification limits of all analytes were lower than the concentration found in these Monastrell wines. The identified wine volatile compounds have been grouped according to: ethyl esters, acetates, C6 compounds, terpenoids, acids and ethyl acetate, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2-phenylethanol and benzaldehyde, as individual level. As results, it was observed that all fungicide treatments significantly affect the wine aroma composition. Each group of compounds has been associated to sensorial descriptor series (fatty, floral, fruity, herbaceous, solvent, rose and vinous), resulting that the best sensory valuated wines were the ones treated with fluquinconazole and fenhexamid under GAP.

This article was published in Analytica Chimica Acta and referenced in Fermentation Technology

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