Author(s): Ries MD, Philbin EF, Groff GD, Sheesley KA, Richman JA,
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Abstract Thirty patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty and 18 patients with medically treated arthritis participated in this study. Both groups of patients underwent a cardiovascular fitness exercise test on entering the study and 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years later. Fitness was assessed by patient performance on a graded maximal exercise test using a bicycle ergometer and metabolic cart. In the group of total hip arthroplasty patients, significant improvements in exercise duration (P = .011), maximum workload (P = .0013), peak oxygen consumption (P = .0036), and percentage of predicted maximum oxygen uptake achieved (P = .0002) were observed during the follow-up evaluation. In the group of control patients, decreases in exercise duration (P = .0001), maximum workload (P = .0001), and workload at anaerobic threshold (P = .0108) occurred without a significant change in the other measures of cardiovascular fitness. The results indicate that resumption of routine physical activities after total hip arthroplasty is associated with a corresponding improvement in cardiovascular fitness.
This article was published in J Arthroplasty
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation