alexa Effect of unilateral and bila teral eyestalk ablation in Litopenaeus vannamei male and female on several metabolic and immunologic variables
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

Author(s): Juan Carlos SainzHernndez, Ilie S Racotta, Silvie Dumas, Jorge HernndezLpez

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Eyestalk ablation is the most common procedure to induce gonadic maturation in commercial hatcheries of penaeid shrimp. In addition to reproduc tion, other physiological and metabolic processes are affected by removal of the X-organ sinus gland complex located in the eyestalk. In this study, the effect of unilateral and bilateral eyestalk ablation on the concentration of several hemolymph metabolites and phenoloxidase system in female and male shrimp was investigated. As a consequence of reducing or suppressing molt-inhib iting hormone (MIH) production, the duration of the molting cycle was significantly shor ter in eyestalk-ablated shrimp: bilaterally (10 days), unilaterally (17 days), and shrimp that were not ablated (24 days). Mortality was significantly higher in unilaterally (35%) and bilaterally (68%) ablated shrimp than in untreated shrimp (2%), probably caused by impairment of several physiological functions medi ated by hormones from the eyestalk and direct injury of the nervous system. Males and females were affected differently by eyestalk ablation in terms of concentrations of glucose, triglycerides, and pr otein in hemolymph. Glucose and lactate levels were lower in bilaterally ablated shrimp, as expected by the role of crustacean hyperglycemic hormone in glucose metabolism. Cholesterol and hemocyte count were not significantly different among the three treatments. Prophenoloxidase and phenoloxidase activities were significantly lower in bilaterally, but not in unilaterally ablated shrimp. This could suggest an endocrine control of this mechanism of the effector immune response or reflect the level of physiological trauma caused by bilateral eyestalk ablation in this species.

This article was published in Aquaculture and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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