alexa Effect of uric acid on liver injury during hemorrhagic shock.
Neurology

Neurology

Brain Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Tsukada K, Hasegawa T, Tsutsumi S, Katoh H, Kuwano H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: It remains unproven whether nitric oxide (NO) exerts a toxic effect on hepatocytes directly or through the formation of a more toxic compound during hemorrhagic shock (HS). NO reacts at a very high rate constant with superoxide to give peroxynitrite, a potentially toxic molecule. In this study, we investigated whether or not peroxynitrite contributed to tissue injury in the liver during HS. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to decompensated HS followed by resuscitation. In addition to the time course of tissue injury and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in the liver during HS, we investigated the effect of N6-(iminoethyl)-L-lysine(LNIL) (a specific inhibitor of iNOS) and also that of uric acid (a natural scavenger of peroxynitrite) on tissue injury and nitrotyrosine formation (a footprint of peroxynitrite) in the liver. RESULTS: The liver injury, evaluated by plasma aminotransferase levels and histology, became evident at the end of the shock period and had significantly increased 1 hour after the start of resuscitation (Shock-1 h). There was no iNOS mRNA expression in the liver at baseline, and it had clearly increased by Shock-1 h. Treatment with LNIL or uric acid significantly attenuated the tissue injury with a prominent reduction in nitrotyrosine formation in the liver. CONCLUSIONS: These lines of evidence suggest that one of the mechanisms by which NO production causes liver injury during HS may be its reaction with superoxide to form peroxynitrite.
This article was published in Surgery and referenced in Brain Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords