Author(s): Patil SG, Mullur LM, Khodnapur JP, Dhanakshirur GB, Aithala MR
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Abstract Subjunior athletes experience mental stress due to pressure from the coach, teachers and parents for better performance. Stress, if remains for longer period and not managed appropriately can leads to negative physical, mental and cognitive impact on children. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of integrated yoga module on heart rate variability (HRV) measure as a stress index in subjunior cyclists. Fast furrier transform technique of frequency domain method was used for the analysis of HRV. We have found a significant increase in high frequency (HF) component by 14.64\% (P < 0.05) and decrease in the low frequency component (LF) of HRV spectrum by 5.52\% (P < 0.05) and a decrease in LF/HF ratio by 19.63\% (P < 0.01) in yoga group. In the control group, there was decrease in the HF component and, no significant difference in the LF component of HRV spectrum and LF/HF ratio. The results show that yoga practice decreases sympathetic activity and causes a shift in the autonomic balance towards parasympathetic dominance indicating a reduction in stress. In conclusion, yoga practice helps to reduce stress by optimizing the autonomic functions. So, it is suggested to incorporate yoga module as a regular feature to keep subjunior athletes both mentally and physically fit.
This article was published in Indian J Physiol Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy