alexa Effect of ziram on natural killer, lymphokine-activated killer, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte activity.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Li Q, Kobayashi M, Kawada T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Ziram is a carbamate pesticide, which is widely used throughout the world as a fungicide in agriculture and as an accelerating agent in latex production. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ziram at 0.031-4 μM in vitro on human natural killer (NK) and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) and murine cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity and found that it significantly inhibited all three activities in a concentration-dependent manner. To explore the mechanism of ziram-induced inhibition of NK activity, NK-92MI cells, a human NK cell line, were used. We previously confirmed that NK-92MI cells express CD56, perforin, granzyme (Gr) A, GrB, Gr3/K, and granulysin and are highly cytotoxic to K562 cells in the chromium release assay. NK-92MI cells were treated with ziram at 0.125-4 μM for 4 or 16 h at 37°C in vitro. Then, intracellular levels of perforin, GrA, GrB, Gr3/K, and granulysin were determined by flow cytometry. It was found that ziram significantly reduced Gr3/K, granulysin, perforin, GrA, and GrB levels. The extent of the decrease differed among the proteins, and the order was as follows: Gr3/K > granulysin > perforin, GrA, and GrB. Taken together, these findings suggest the ziram-induced inhibition of NK, LAK, and CTL activities to be at least partially mediated by decreases in the intracellular levels of Gr3/K, granulysin, perforin, GrA, and GrB. This article was published in Arch Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version