alexa Effective Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Neonatal Sepsis.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health

Author(s): Bhandari V

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Abstract Infection in neonates continues to be a global problem with significant morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of neonatal sepsis is complicated by nonspecific clinical symptomatology, a high-false negative rate, and a delay in obtaining blood culture results. An ideal biomarker needs to have a high degree of accuracy in recognizing the presence or absence of definite infection at an early stage, to guide the initiation and duration of antibiotic therapy. The diagnostic utility of the following biomarkers seems to be most practical in the early (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, neutrophil CD64), mid (procalcitonin) and late (C-reactive protein) phases of neonatal sepsis. Future research studies to assess reliability of these biomarkers should be (1) adequately powered for sample size and (2) use the gold-standard definition of blood-culture proven pathogen-specific sepsis. Significant advances in diagnostic accuracy of novel biomarkers to allow early, accurate, and cost-effective identification of pathogens responsible for neonatal sepsis is anticipated in the next 5 years. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: [email protected] This article was published in J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc and referenced in Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health

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