alexa Effectiveness and limitation of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in bacterial membrane protein proteomics and perspectives.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Bunai K, Yamane K

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Abstract Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) using isoelectric focusing and SDS-PAGE in the first and second dimensions, respectively, is an established means of simultaneously separating over 1000 proteins and two new types have recently been developed. These procedures have significant shortcomings such as low load ability and poor separation of hydrophobic, acidic and alkaline proteins. We therefore modified the protocols to analyze the Bacillus subtilis membrane proteome. The 2D-PAGE techniques effectively separated membrane proteins having one and two transmembrane segments but not those with more than four. Compared with new LC/MS/MS procedures that are independent of electrophoretic separation, 2D-PAGE can globally analyze and quantify proteins at various stages of the cell cycle when labeled with isotopes such as 35S-methionine or the stable isotope, 15N. This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

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