Author(s): Ciardullo AV, Bacchelli M, Daghio MM, Carapezzi C, Ciardullo AV, Bacchelli M, Daghio MM, Carapezzi C
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Abstract We wanted to assess the effectiveness and safety of glargine in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in secondary failure and/or with severe comorbidities ("T2DM group"), and patients with secondary diabetes after corticosteroid and/or anticancer treatment ("secondary DM group"). We reviewed the records of patients on glargine from 1 August 2004 to 30 July 2005. The after-minus-before change in HbA1c was the main outcome measure. At baseline, the 18 "T2DM" patients had a mean (+/-SD) age of 66.7+/-9.5 years and a diabetes duration of 13.6+/-10.3 years; 52.9\% were male. Their fasting plasma glucose (FPG) decreased from 228.6+/-76.6 to 134.6+/-37.5, two-hour post-prandial glycaemia (2hPPG) from 268.2+/-10.4 to 140.6+/-30.8 and HbA1c from 10.4+/-2.3 to 7.9+/-1.6\%. Mean daily insulin dosage was 12.0+/-4.8 UI for glargine alone and 37.4+/-22.6 UI for basal-bolus scheme. The daily cost was Euro 0.75 (range Euro 0.31-1.15). The 24 "secondary DM" patients had a mean age of 67.0+/-11.0 years and a diabetes duration of 3.7+/-6.5 years; 54.2\% were male and 91.7\% had a metastatic cancer. Their FPG decreased from 222.3+/-108.6 to 121.5+/-28.7 mg/dl, 2hPPG from 259.4+/-108.6 to 133.0+/-35.0 mg/dl and HbA1c from 10.1+/-2.5 to 7.6+/-1.3\%. Mean daily insulin dosage was 12.5+/-6.1 UI for glargine alone and 27.2+/-9.1 UI for basal-bolus scheme. Mean daily cost was Euro 0.70 (range Euro 0.31-1.38). One (4.2\%) cancer patient withdrew from glargine because of nausea. Nine (37.5\%) cancer patients had an increase in appetite after glargine therapy, including 3 end-of-life patients. No severe hypoglycaemia occurred. Insulin glargine was safe and effective in improving glycaemic control both in severe "T2DM" and in "secondary DM" patients.
This article was published in Acta Diabetol
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research