Author(s): Mazer BL, Sofer S, KornerBitensky N, Gelinas I, Hanley J,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a visual attention retraining program using the Useful Field of View (UFOV) with a traditional visuoperception treatment program on the driving performance of clients with stroke. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation hospital located in Quebec, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-seven individuals referred for driving evaluation after a stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive 20 sessions of either UFOV training of visual processing speed, divided attention, and selective attention or traditional computerized visuoperception retraining. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects were evaluated with an on-road driving evaluation, visuoperception tests, and the Test of Everyday Attention. An occupational therapist unaware of group assignment conducted all evaluations. RESULTS: Eighty-four participants completed the outcome evaluation. There were no significant differences between groups on any of the outcome measures. There was, however, almost a 2-fold increase (52.4\% vs 28.6\%) in the rate of success on the on-road driving evaluation after UFOV training for subjects with right-sided lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Rehabilitation that targets visual attention skills was not significantly more beneficial than traditional perceptual training in improving the outcome of an on-road driving evaluation. However, results suggest a potential improvement for subjects with right-sided lesions, indicating that training must target specific skills.
This article was published in Arch Phys Med Rehabil
and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation