Author(s): Wen LM, Baur LA, Simpson JM, Rissel C, Flood VM
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a home-based early intervention on infant feeding practices and "tummy time" for infants in the first year of life. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with follow-up measures scheduled at 6 and 12 months. SETTING: Socially and economically disadvantaged areas of Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 667 first-time mothers and their infants in 2007 and 2008. INTERVENTIONS: The intervention consisted of 5 or 6 home visits from a specially trained research nurse delivering a staged home-based intervention in the antenatal period and at 1, 3, 5, 9, and 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Changes in infant feeding practices and "tummy time." RESULTS: The intervention group had a significantly higher median duration of breastfeeding at 12 months than the control group (17 weeks [95\% confidence interval, 13.9-20.4 weeks] vs 13 weeks [95\% confidence interval, 10.1-15.0 weeks]; P = .03). Compared with the control group, the hazard ratio for stopping breastfeeding in the intervention group was 0.82 (95\% confidence interval, 0.68-0.99). The intervention also resulted in a significantly later introduction of solid foods (P < .001 for trend), reducing the proportion of mothers who introduced solids before 6 months by 12\% (95\% confidence interval, 4\%-20\%) from 74\% to 62\%. The intervention also decreased the age at which infants started tummy time (P = .03 for trend) and increased the daily practice of tummy time by 7\% from 76\% to 83\% (P = .05). CONCLUSION: The home-based early intervention delivered by trained community nurses significantly improved some infant feeding practices and resulted in earlier daily practice of tummy time. TRIAL REGISTRATION: anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN012607000168459.
This article was published in Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med
and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy