Author(s): Fujimoto A, Sato S, Kurakata H, Nakano S, Igarashi Y
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Abstract AIM: Therapeutic barium enema was first reported in 1970. The long-term recurrence rate of colonic diverticular bleeding after therapeutic barium enema was compared with that of endoscopic haemostasis. METHOD: This study included 57 consecutive patients admitted between 2003 and 2008 with colonic diverticular bleeding in whom conservative treatment failed to stop bleeding within 3 h of hospital admission. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed immediately after admission. In 75\% of patients, bleeding was from the right colon, and any identifiable source of bleeding was treated by endoscopic haemostasis. Cases with an undetectable source received high-dose barium impaction therapy. RESULTS: Treatment was as follows: Group A (n = 37) solely by endoscopic haemostasis; Group B (n = 11) solely by therapeutic barium enema group, and Group C (n = 9) by endoscopic haemostasis and therapeutic barium enema. At a follow up of seven (median; range: 1-56) months, recurrent bleeding rates were 18/37 (48.6\%), 6/11 (54.5\%) and 2/9 (22.2\%) (P = 0.3930). CONCLUSION: High-dose barium enema is as effective as endoscopic haemostasis for the prevention of recurrent diverticular bleeding. © 2011 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
This article was published in Colorectal Dis
and referenced in Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis