Author(s): Zhuang H, Lin Y, Yang G
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Abstract 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3, the physiologically active form of vitamin D3, exerts its functions through a receptor-mediated mechanism and plays an important role in the cell differentiation. This study investigated the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the proliferation and differentiation of porcine preadipocyte. Stromal-vascular cells containing preadipocytes were prepared from dorsal subcutaneous adipose tissue of approximately 3-day-old Chinese male crossbred pigs. After confluence, the differentiation was induced by transferrin, dexamethasone and insulin for 2 days, and then subsequently cultured for 6 days. The cells were treated with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 during the induction of differentiation (the early phase of differentiation) or throughout the differentiation period. The terminal differentiation markers, such as glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and lipid accumulation were measured during the process of cultures. The treatment with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 severely affected the induction of all differentiation markers throughout the differentiation period. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 suppressed the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma mRNA and interfered with the induction of retinoid X receptor alpha mRNA. The mRNAs of the adipogenesis-related genes, lipoprotein lipase, stearoyl-CoA desaturase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and glucose transporter 4 were reduced when 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 was added into differentiation medium. Also, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibited preadipocyte differentiation in dose-dependent manner. These results suggested that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibited porcine preadipocyte differentiation through suppressing PPAR gamma and RXR alpha mRNA expressions and then down regulating the expression of adipogenesis-related genes.
This article was published in Chem Biol Interact
and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome