Author(s): Manthous CA, AmoatengAdjepong Y, alKharrat T, Jacob B, Alnuaimat HM,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of adding a trained intensivist on patient care and educational outcomes in a community teaching hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed outcomes for patients admitted to the medical intensive-care unit (MICU) of a 270-bed community teaching hospital between July 1992 and June 1994. Mortality rates and durations of stay were determined for the year before (BD, 1992 through 1993) and the first year after (AD, 1993 through 1994) introduction of a full-time director of critical care. Performance of resident trainees on a standardized critical-care examination was measured for the same periods. RESULTS: Overall, 459 patients in the BD period were compared with 471 patients in the AD period. The mix of cases and severity of illness (acute physiology and chronic health evaluation or APACHE II scores) on admission were similar for the BD and AD periods. MICU mortality decreased from 20.9\% during the BD to 14.9\% during the AD period (P = 0.02), and in-hospital mortality decreased from 34.0\% to 24.6\% (P = 0.002). Disease-specific mortalities were lower during the AD period for most categories of illness. Detailed analysis of a subgroup of patients (those with pneumonia) demonstrated no differences in distribution of patients by gender, race, or acuity of illness (APACHE II scores). The mortality rate due to pneumonia decreased from 46\% during the BD period to 31\% during the AD period. This decrease was consistent across categories of APACHE II scores. From BD to AD periods, mean durations of total hospital stay decreased from 22.6 +/- 1.4 days to 17.7 +/- 1.0 days, and mean MICU stay decreased from 5.0 +/- 0.3 days to 3.9 +/- 0.3 days (P < 0.05). Critical-care in-service examination scores for 22 residents increased from 53.8 +/- 1.7\% to 67.5 +/- 2.2\% (P < 0.01), and AD scores were significantly higher than BD scores for residents at similar levels of training. CONCLUSION: Addition of a medical intensivist was temporally associated with improved clinical and educational outcomes in our community teaching hospital.
This article was published in Mayo Clin Proc
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research