Author(s): Shumway BS, Kresty LA, Larsen PE, Zwick JC, Lu B, , Shumway BS, Kresty LA, Larsen PE, Zwick JC, Lu B,
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Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of topical application of a 10\% (w/w) freeze-dried black raspberry (FBR) gel on oral intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN) variables that included histologic diagnoses and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) indices. Microsatellite instability and/or LOH at tumor suppressor gene-associated chromosomal loci have been associated with a higher risk for oral IEN progression to oral squamous cell carcinoma. Previously, our laboratories have shown that FBRs are well tolerated and possess potent antioxidant, apoptotic, and differentiation-inducing properties. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Each participant with IEN served as their own internal control. Before treatment, all lesions were photographed, and lesional tissue was hemisected to obtain a pretreatment diagnosis and baseline biochemical and molecular variables. Gel dosing (0.5 g applied four times daily for 6 weeks) was initiated 1 week after the initial biopsy. Genomic DNA was isolated from laser-captured basilar and suprabasilar surface epithelial cells followed by PCR amplification using primer sets that targeted known and presumed tumor suppressor gene loci associated with INK4a/ARF, p53, and FHIT. Allelic imbalance was determined by sequence analysis using normal participant tissues to establish microsatellite marker peak patterns and allele sizes. RESULTS: Confirming earlier phase I data, none of the 27 participants developed FBR gel-associated toxicities. Furthermore, our results show histologic regression in a subset of patients as well as statistically significant reduction in LOH at tumor suppressor gene-associated loci. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary data suggest that further evaluation of berry gels for oral IEN chemoprevention is warranted.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy