alexa Effects of acute and prolonged naphthalene exposure on brain monoaminergic neurotransmitters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Gesto M, Tintos A, Soengas JL, Mguez JM, Gesto M, Tintos A, Soengas JL, Mguez JM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have shown previously that acute (1 to 6 h) and prolonged (1 to 5 days) exposure of rainbow trout to naphthalene resulted in decreased plasmatic cortisol and 17-beta-estradiol levels. In order to elucidate the mechanisms through which naphthalene might disrupt endocrine regulation, the present study investigated whether brain monoaminergic neurotransmitters are altered by the action of this polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. In a first experiment, immature rainbow trout were injected with vegetable oil alone or containing naphthalene (10 and 50 mg/kg, i.p.), and sacrificed 1, 3 and 6 h after treatment. In a second experiment, slow-coconut oil implants alone or containing naphthalene (doses of 10 and 50 mg/kg) were i.p. located and fish sacrificed 1, 3 and 5 days after treatment. Levels of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and noradrenaline (NA) were measured in several brain regions by HPLC. The results show that short-term naphthalene increases DA and 5-HT contents in hypothalamus and telencephalon, but differentially alter contents of the acid metabolites. Implants with naphthalene reduced DA content in hypothalamus and preoptic region but increased in telencephalon. 5-HT metabolism was decreased in hypothalamus, preoptic region, pituitary and brain stem after 3 to 6 days of treatment. In addition, the levels of NA were increased in hypothalamus and telencephalon after acute treatment and in hypothalamus and preoptic area after several days of exposure to naphthalene. These data suggest that brain neurotransmitter systems are sensitive to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and could represent a target of the naphthalene-induced neuroendocrine disruption. This article was published in Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords