alexa Effects of acute and prolonged naphthalene exposure on brain monoaminergic neurotransmitters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).


Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Gesto M, Tintos A, Soengas JL, Mguez JM, Gesto M, Tintos A, Soengas JL, Mguez JM

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Abstract We have shown previously that acute (1 to 6 h) and prolonged (1 to 5 days) exposure of rainbow trout to naphthalene resulted in decreased plasmatic cortisol and 17-beta-estradiol levels. In order to elucidate the mechanisms through which naphthalene might disrupt endocrine regulation, the present study investigated whether brain monoaminergic neurotransmitters are altered by the action of this polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. In a first experiment, immature rainbow trout were injected with vegetable oil alone or containing naphthalene (10 and 50 mg/kg, i.p.), and sacrificed 1, 3 and 6 h after treatment. In a second experiment, slow-coconut oil implants alone or containing naphthalene (doses of 10 and 50 mg/kg) were i.p. located and fish sacrificed 1, 3 and 5 days after treatment. Levels of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and noradrenaline (NA) were measured in several brain regions by HPLC. The results show that short-term naphthalene increases DA and 5-HT contents in hypothalamus and telencephalon, but differentially alter contents of the acid metabolites. Implants with naphthalene reduced DA content in hypothalamus and preoptic region but increased in telencephalon. 5-HT metabolism was decreased in hypothalamus, preoptic region, pituitary and brain stem after 3 to 6 days of treatment. In addition, the levels of NA were increased in hypothalamus and telencephalon after acute treatment and in hypothalamus and preoptic area after several days of exposure to naphthalene. These data suggest that brain neurotransmitter systems are sensitive to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and could represent a target of the naphthalene-induced neuroendocrine disruption. This article was published in Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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