Author(s): Sparnins VL, Mott AW, Barany G, Wattenberg LW
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Abstract Allyl methyl trisulfide (AMT), a constituent of garlic oil, was studied for its effects on glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity and on benzo[a]pyrene (BP)-induced neoplasia of the forestomach and lungs of female A/J mice. AMT induced increased GST activity in the forestomach, small bowel mucosa, liver, and lung. The forestomach and small bowel mucosa responded to a single low dose of AMT (3.0 mumol) given by oral intubation, whereas liver and lung were less reactive. A dose schedule of two administrations of 15 mumol AMT given 48 hours apart gave close-to-maximum induction in all four tissues and was chosen for investigation of its inhibitory effects. With this dose schedule, AMT produced an inhibition of BP-induced neoplasia of the forestomach as shown by a greater than 70\% reduction in the number of tumors found at the completion of the experiment. Inhibition of pulmonary neoplasia did not occur. AMT is a member of a new class of naturally occurring chemicals that have the capacity to inhibit chemical carcinogenesis.
This article was published in Nutr Cancer
and referenced in Hereditary Genetics: Current Research