Author(s): Singer M, Allen MJ, Webb AR, Bennett ED
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To confirm the consistent effects on Doppler-measured aortic blood flow velocity waveform variables of alterations in left ventricular preload, afterload, and inotropy using pharmacologic and physiologic maneuvers. SETTING: Medical school laboratory. SUBJECTS: Healthy volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: Increasing infusion rates of dobutamine (1.25 to 5 micrograms/kg.min), esmolol (1.25 to 5 mg/min), phentolamine (1.25 to 5 mg/min), methoxamine (1.25 to 5 mg/min), metaraminol (1.25 to 5 mg/min), and placebo (1.25 to 5 mL of 0.9\% saline/min) and increasing plasma removal (0.5 to 1 L) in awake, rested, supine subjects. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Ascending aortic blood flow was measured by the suprasternal Doppler approach allowing calculation of waveform variables of stroke distance and minute distance (linear measures of stroke volume and cardiac output), peak velocity, mean acceleration and flow time corrected for heart rate. An index of systemic vascular resistance was obtained by dividing mean systemic BP by the minute distance. Inotropic changes predominantly affected peak velocity and mean acceleration. Changes in preload mainly affected the flow time corrected for heart rate, whereas afterload changes had an intermediate effect. Unsuspected but subsequently confirmed hemodynamic effects were seen with esmolol and metaraminol. CONCLUSIONS: Aortic blood flow velocity waveform variables measured by Doppler ultrasound can be used to noninvasively follow changes in left ventricular preload, afterload, and inotropy.
This article was published in Crit Care Med
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research