alexa Effects of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) on long-term potentiation in intact anesthetized rats.


Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): Dubrovsky B, Tatarinov A, Gijsbers K, Harris J, Tsiodras A

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Abstract We studied the effects of the neuropeptide arginine-vasopressin (AVP) on the long-term potentiation (LTP) paradigm in the dentate gyrus (DG) of urethane intact anesthetized rats. Intracerebroventricular injection of 1 microg of the hormone in 1 microl of physiological solution 3 min before tetanization, produced a significant increase in both components of the perforant path-evoked potentials (EP) in the DG. The effects were already evident 1 min after tetanization. Amplitude of the EPs increased continuously for the 2h of recording time, reaching values 100\% above baseline, reference levels. In contrast, in previous in vitro studies, enhancement of LTP with AVP appeared only after 15 min of exposure of the hippocampal slice to the hormone, increased EPSPs were no higher than 50\% from baseline, reached a plateau at 40 min decreasing slowly thereafter. Not only quantitative but also qualitative differences can be observed between in vitro and in vivo intact preparations in response to identical hormones. This study emphasizes the importance of hormone neurotransmitter interactions in determining electrophysiological characteristics of response to AVP.
This article was published in Brain Res Bull and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

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