alexa Effects of brequinar and ciprofloxacin on de novo nucleotide biosynthesis in mouse L1210 leukemia.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Author(s): Lyons SD

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Exposure of mouse L1210 leukemia cells to 25 microM brequinar for 4 h results in large accumulations of N-carbamyl-L-aspartate and L-dihydroorotate to cellular concentrations of 8.5 mM and 0.8 mM, respectively, while UTP and CTP decrease to 4% of their initial levels; incorporation of [14C]bicarbonate into nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) was decreased to 47%. These data provide direct evidence for inhibition of DHO dehydrogenase by brequinar in growing cells. Exposure of leukemia cells to 200 microM ciprofloxacin for 4 h did not affect de novo pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis or the incorporation of [14C]bicarbonate into nucleic acids but resulted in a general decrease in nucleoside triphosphates, with concomitant accumulation of nucleoside mono- and diphosphates (the adenylate energy charge decreased from 0.89 to 0.69), consistent with inhibition of the electron transport chain or uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation.

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This article was published in Biochemistry International and referenced in Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

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