Author(s): Persson K, Larsson I, Halln Sandgren C
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Abstract Migration of bovine neutrophils towards endotoxin, recombinant bovine interleukin-1 beta (rBoIL-1 beta), recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rhTNF-alpha), platelet-activating factor (PAF), complement factor C5a, leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and recombinant human interleukin-8 (rhIL-8) was studied in vivo, using the teat cistern model, and in vitro using the modified Boyden chamber method. Infusion of endotoxin, rBoIL-1 beta, rhTNF-alpha, PAF, or C5a into the teat cistern induced significant accumulation of leukocytes, mainly neutrophils, during the sampling period. Endotoxin was, on a molar basis, the most potent inducer of cell accumulation in vivo, followed by rBoIL-1 beta, while C5a, PAF and rhTNF-alpha were less potent. No significant cell accumulation was observed after infusion of LTB4 or rhIL-8. A significant migration of cells into the teat cistern was first observed 2 h after the infusion of endotoxin or rBoIL-1 beta, the rBoIL-1 beta-induced response started somewhat earlier. The first significant cell accumulation after infusion of PAF or C5a was observed already 1.5 h post infusion. The largest numbers of cells were reached 2.5-4.5 h after the infusion of endotoxin, rBoIL-1 beta, rhTNF-alpha, PAF or C5a. In vitro, significant migration of bovine blood neutrophils was observed towards C5a or rhIL-8, and to a lower extent towards LTB4, while no chemotactic response to endotoxin, rBoIL-1 beta, rhTNF-alpha, and PAF was observed. Possible roles of the different substances as inducers of neutrophil migration into the bovine teat are discussed.
This article was published in Vet Immunol Immunopathol
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology