alexa Effects of crystalloid versus colloid and the α-2 agonist brimonidine versus placebo on intraocular pressure during prone spine surgery: a factorial randomized trial.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Farag E, Sessler DI, Kovaci B, Wang L, Mascha EJ,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Volume replacement with colloid solution and topical α-2 agonists may each moderate the progressive increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) during prone surgery. The authors tested the hypotheses that during prolonged prone surgery, IOP increases less with goal-directed intravenous administration of 5\% albumin than with goal-directed administration of lactated Ringer's solution, and with topical α-2 agonist brimonidine than with placebo eye drops. METHODS: Patients having complex prone spine surgery were factorially randomized to albumin and topical placebo (n = 15); albumin and topical brimonidine (n = 16); lactated Ringer's solution and topical placebo (n = 13); and lactated Ringer's solution and topical brimonidine (n = 16). IOP was measured with a pneumotonometer. The primary outcome was time-weighted average intraoperative IOP. RESULTS: Prone positioning increased IOP a mean ± SD of 12 ± 6 mmHg. IOP increased to 38 ± 10 mmHg at the end of anesthesia (approximately 5.5 h). Time- weighted average intraoperative IOP in the brimonidine group was 4 (95\% CI: 1, 8) mmHg lower than in the placebo group (P = 0.023), but no different in the crystalloid and albumin groups (mean difference (95\% CI) of -2 (-5, 2) mmHg (P = 0.34). There was no interaction between the two randomized factors. CONCLUSIONS: Brimonidine slightly reduced the primary outcome of intraoperative time-weighted average IOP, whereas there was no significant difference between goal-directed albumin or crystalloid administration. Brimonidine thus helps reduce IOP during spine surgery, but maintaining adequate blood pressure might play a more important role. This article was published in Anesthesiology and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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