Author(s): Fujishima H, Satake Y, Okada N, Kawashima S, Matsumoto K,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Air pollution from road traffic is a serious public health problem. Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated adverse health effects associated with environmental pollution. Diesel exhaust is a major contributor to ambient particulate matter air pollution. We studied the effects of exposure to diesel exhaust particles on allergic conjunctivitis using cultured conjunctival epithelial cells obtained from healthy people. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors involved in the human conjunctival epithelial response to diesel exhaust in vitro. METHODS: Healthy individuals underwent conjunctival biopsy, and the samples were incubated on conjunctival epithelial sheets. We investigated the effects of exposure to diesel exhaust using GeneChip arrays. The adhesion molecules and cytokines showing increased expression on GeneChip arrays were verified by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The GeneChip array showed increased expression of adhesion molecules, cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors after exposure to diesel exhaust. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirmed that the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and interleukin 6, in particular, were significantly upregulated. CONCLUSION: Our experimental data confirm that exposure to diesel exhaust particles increases inflammatory factor expression in human conjunctiva and thereby contributes to allergic conjunctival responses. Copyright © 2013 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology