alexa Effects of different natriuretic peptides on nitric oxide synthesis in macrophages.


Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Author(s): Kiemer AK, Vollmar AM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has previously been suggested to inhibit the production of NO in LPS-activated primary macrophages. The aim of the present study was 1) to examine whether ANP elicits this effect also on macrophage cell lines (RAW 264.7, J774), 2) to elucidate whether ANP is the only natriuretic peptide (NP) inhibiting NO synthesis, 3) to look for the expression of natriuretic peptide receptors (NPR) on macrophages, 4) to consequently determine the type of receptor mediating the ANP effect and 5) to obtain first information on the underlying mechanism. Whereas ANP dose dependently (10(-6)-10(-8) M) inhibited NO synthesis (measured as nitrite accumulation, 20h) in all four types of macrophages (bone marrow derived and peritoneal macrophages; RAW 264.7 and J 774), urodilatin and atriopeptin I displayed only a weak effect restricted to the highest concentration (10(-6) M) employed. Importantly, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) showed no NO-inhibitory effect. The lack of effect of CNP was shown not to be due to its lower stability or its missing receptor. Macrophages were shown to express all three natriuretic peptide receptors (NPR-A, NPR-B, NPR-C) using RT-PCR technique. Furthermore, two types of NPR-B seem to be present in macrophages. The effect of ANP was mediated via the guanylate cyclase coupled NPR-A as shown by experiments employing stable cGMP analogs, the NPR-A antagonist HS-142-1, LY-83583, a cGMP inhibitor as well as C-ANF, a specific ligand of the NPR-C. Reduction of nitrite accumulation by ANP was highest when added simultaneously with LPS and abolished when added 12 h after LPS stimulation. In summary, ANP was shown to inhibit NO production of LPS-activated macrophages via cGMP. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Thomas Böldicke
    Intrabodies against the Polysialyltransferases ST8SiaII and ST8SiaIV inhibit Polysialylation of NCAM in rhabdomyosarcoma tumor cells
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hedef Dhafir El-Yassin
    The Immune Response of Prolactin and the Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) in Iraqi Patients Infected with Hepatitis C Virus
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Moshe Giladi
    Tumor Treating Fields (TTFields) induced cancer cell death may be immunogenic resulting in enhanced antitumor efficacy when combined with immune-modulating therapy
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • M Shahnawaz Khan
    Graphene Oxide @ Gold Nanorods Conjugate for Controlled Release of Doxorubicin in tumor
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Wayne Grant Carter
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Omar E Franco
    Heterogeneous Tumor Stroma and Prostate Carcinogenesis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Vicente Marco
    Changes in breast cancer pathology reports after second opinion
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jan Voskuil
    How antibodies can prevent medical progress and how they can be great tools?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yen-Chein Lai
    Molecular pathogenesis in granulosa cell tumor is not only due to somatic FOXL2 mutation
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Babak Behnam
    SLUG and SOX9 Cooperatively Regulate Tumor Initiating Niche Factors in Breast Cancer
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Fan-Gang Tseng
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Myron R Szewczuk
    Therapeutic targeting neuraminidase-1 in multi-stage of tumorigenesis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hawa ZE Jaafar
    Involvement of elicitated Labisia pumila Benth. biofluids in the alleviation of chemotoxicity effect and antitumor activity
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Huidi Liu
    Reduced Expression of SOX7 in Ovarian Cancer: a Novel Tumor Suppressor through the Wnt/β-catenin Signaling Pathway
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version